The origins of the present GLOBIO model (GLOBIO3) go back to the GLOBIO2 model and the Natural Capital Index-IMAGE framework (NCI-IMAGE). Both approaches are universal, policy oriented frameworks on the impact of human activities on biodiversity.
To meet the challenge of evaluating the global targets on biodiversity, an international consortium, made up of the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UNEP GRID-Arendal and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency joined forces in 2003. They combined the GLOBIO2 and the IMAGE-NCI approach into a new Global Biodiversity Model: GLOBIO3. This model is in use since 2005.