This rapid response assessment warns that up to 25% of the world’s food production may become lost due to environmental breakdown by 2050 unless action is taken.
The study was performed by the Rapid Response Assessment Team at UNEP/GRID-Arendal, UNEP-WCMC and PBL. It provides the first summary by the UN of how climate change, water stress, invasive pests and land degradation may impact world food security, food prices and life on the planet. The report provides recommendations how we may be able to feed the world in a more sustainable manner.
To assess the impacts on biodiversity The Environmental Food Crisis uses the results of GLOBIO analyses for the Global Biodiversity Outlook 2.
The study concludes that further enhancement of agricultural productivity (‘closing the yield gap’) is the key factor in reducing the need for land and, consequently, the rate of biodiversity loss. This option should be implemented carefully in order to not cause additional undesired effects, such as emissions of excess nutrients and pesticides and land degradation.